As frustrated Afghans try to flee their homeland, Turkey builds a long, three-meter-high concrete wall along Iran’s border. The goal is to prevent Afghan refugees from entering the country.
There are many avenues for security hope for the thousands of people who have tried to leave Afghanistan The Taliban seized power In the country.
Since the fall of Kabul last Sunday, I have been able to read about it every day Chaos at Kabul airport. But this is not the only way. Many are trying to cross borders to neighboring countries such as Pakistan and Iran.
Of those who choose the latter, many continue across the country with the hope of going to Turkey.
1 in 4Photo: Murad Caesar / Reuters
Whether that is the ultimate goal or they want to go back to various European countries from there, getting into the country is becoming increasingly difficult. The Turks are working to build a long, three-meter-high wall on the Iranian border.
“It is not possible to cross our border,” Turkish Governor Mahmoud Emin Pilmes told Reuters.
So far, the wall, launched in 2017, covers 155 kilometers of the 540-kilometer-long border. But the work of extending it is in full swing. Earlier this year, Reuters reported that 64 new kilometers of concrete would be ready to prevent refugees from entering Turkey.
However, this does not mean that large areas of the border are rented out freely. From barbed wire, ditches and armed soldiers of course the guards do their part to keep people away from the area where no wall has ever been built.
Many soldiers were dispatched after Afghanistan fell into the hands of the Taliban, and thousands of people are living in fear for their lives.
– Our biggest wish is that it should not be a migration route from Afghanistan, says Pilmus.
“Turkey has no obligation or responsibility to become a refugee camp in Europe,” President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said recently.
Also read: Fear of female activists “disappears”
Not given that there will be a migrant wave
Turkish officials say they have detained about 35,000 Afghans who have crossed the border illegally so far this year. Many were sent back.
The country says they have registered more than 180,000 Afghan refugees in the country, with about 120,000 unregistered.
Of the 2.6 million Afghans estimated by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 90 percent have fled abroad and are living in Iran and Pakistan. By comparison, about 630,000 Afghans have applied for asylum in EU countries over the past 10 years.
Who is the Taliban? Here are 10 things you need to know
John Akeland, Secretary-General of the Norwegian Refugee Council, told the NTB that the capture of the Taliban had not given rise to a new wave of refugees. He believes it will depend on whether the Taliban will allow continued development in the country, and whether donor countries will continue to provide funding.
According to the UNHCR, more than 550,000 Afghans have fled their homes in the country so far this year. Most of these are still in Afghanistan.
There are about 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey.