December 4, 2021

The Pulse

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Here, Erdogan throws petrol on an old fire

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (back left) and Turkish Cypriot leader Erzin Tatar (back right) attended a military parade on Monday. Photo: MURAT CETINMUHURDAR / PPO / X80001

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan visited Cyprus on the occasion of the 47th anniversary of the invasion of the island. This visit was not exactly for the reunification of the two part island.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan traveled to Cyprus on Monday to seize the northern part of the Turkish island in retaliation for a 47-year military coup. From an open military car, Erdogan went to the Turkish military.

He was joined by Ersin Tatar, head of the Northern Cypriot government. The problem is that only Turkey recognizes them as an independent country.

Today the island is divided into Greco-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot. The faction has become a boiling point and several rounds of peace talks have taken place. In 2017, the last round of negotiations broke down.

If negotiations had progressed, Cyprus would have been annexed as a federal state.

Erdogan took adequate action during that trip Monday to that goal. During one speech, he spoke in support of a two-state solution.

“New talks can only take place between two states,” Erdogan said in a speech.

The northern Turkish Cypriot region and the southern Greek Cypriot region of Cyprus are separated by a militarized zone. Photo: Hansen, Gazette

– Exit is wrong

The center of the recent peace talks in Cyprus is Espen Barth Eat (Labor). He visited Cyprus from 2014 to 2017 at the UN. Was special envoy. The goal was to unite Cyprus into a federal state.

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– I think it is completely wrong to abandon that policy. Can unite multicultural states. This is the dream of many Cypriots.

Espen was the UN special envoy to Cyprus from 2014 to 2017. Photo: Ionis Cortoglo / X03550

Eid believes they need two strong states to function as a federation: the Greco-Cypriot region and the Turkish-Cypriot region.

– Need an option to find a solution. The two must compromise to work for a federal state.

A monarchy means that the state has more power. Norway is an example of a unitary state. If it is a federal state then the states have more power. The United States and Switzerland are two examples of federal states.

Erdogan returned

Until 2017, Erdogan was positive about a federal model. When negotiations broke down in 2017, Erdogan said one should think differently and abandon this goal.

“Turkey does not have 50 new years to waste,” Erdogan said this week about the lack of a solution.

The Republic of Northern Cyprus today is recognized only by Turkey.

– Being an unrecognized state is a very complicated situation. I hope this will create a basis for new negotiations, says Eat.

– Lack of progress and functionality itself is complicated. It creates tension and new frustration, he adds.

Eid says he will not lay any blame on either side for the lack of a solution.

– First and foremost, Cypriot has them. Then they should have political leaders on both sides who are ready to take action and give each other space and impact in the negotiations.

I think they are important

Even though the Cypriots had the keys, Turkey and Erdogan could not be noticed. They have a strong influence on what is happening politically in the Turkish Cypriot region of the island.

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– In previous talks, Erdogan played a constructive role. Erdogan says it was important for them to open border crossings in Cyprus, decades after the country was partitioned, Eid says.

– Erdogan says there are two states and two people on the island. Does he have a point?

– I do not accept the existence of two ethnic groups. First of all it is a country, you can not tell the difference between the people. Different cultures have evolved over a long period of time. This uniqueness can be taken care of with a federal state.

International protests

Prior to Erdogan’s arrival, Greece and others protested. They explain it as an attempt to strengthen its own influence on the Turkish island. This did not improve with Erdogan’s visit to the abandoned city of Varosha during the 1974 invasion.

The UN has decided that only those who originally stayed in the city will be able to settle there. At the same time, Turkish Cypriot authorities announced plans to resettle in parts of Warsaw.

Not only Greece has protested. Earlier this month, EU President Ursula van der Leyen said they would “never support a two-state solution.”

EU Commission President Ursula van der Leyen says they will never accept a two-state solution. Photo: Christian Hartmann / Pool Reuters

Emre Becker, who works for Turkey and the Eurasia Group’s analytical firm as an expert in Turkey and the European Union, Politics In Erdogan’s statements:

– Ankara wants to break the stalemate in Cyprus and force the negotiating parties into a compromise that recognizes the two states as a viable solution.

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It doesn’t work, he tells the newspaper.

– It also weakens the chances of a new round of talks on reunification.

He adds that Turkey considers new talks a waste of time.

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