July 29, 2021

The Pulse

Complete News World

82 million people were running at the beginning of the year – VG

According to the UNHCR, 5.9 million Palestinians are living as refugees. The boy is looking at the damage caused by the Israeli airstrikes on the Jabalia camp in the Gaza Strip last month. Photo: AP / NTB

At the beginning of the year, more than 82 million people fled war, violence and persecution, setting another bad record.

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The number of people being forced to flee in search of safety has been increasing every year for the past nine years.

At the beginning of the year, nearly 82.4 million were running, an increase of nearly 3 million over the previous year. Annual Report of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

20.7 million people are registered as refugees outside the home country by the UNHCR, and Turkey holds more than 3.7 million so far.

In Colombia, there were 1.7 million refugees at the beginning of the year, compared to 1.4 million in Pakistan and Uganda. Germany held 1.2 million refugees.

As many as 6.7 million Syrians and 5.9 million Palestinians were deported last year, as were nearly 4 million Venezuelans. 2.6 million Afghans fled, 2.2 million from South Sudan and 1.1 million from Myanmar.

The girl is fleeing to her native Brazil and is now growing up in a camp in Itagu. According to the UNHCR, 42 percent of all refugees in the world are under the age of 18. Photo: AP / NTB

Internally displaced

48 million people have been displaced in their country, 8.3 million in Colombia alone and 6.7 million in Syria. In the Congo it was 5.2 million internally displaced, in Yemen 4 million, in Somalia 3 million, in Afghanistan 2.9 million, in Ethiopia 2.7 million and in Nigeria and Sudan 2.6 million.

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– Behind each number is the story of a person being evicted from their home and displaced and suffering. They deserve our attention and support, not only for humanitarian assistance, but also for the UN to see that we find a solution to their situation. Says Filippo Grande, High Commissioner for Refugees.

He calls for increased political will and efforts to end the many conflicts and persecutions that force people to leave.

Born in the flow

42 percent of the refugees are boys and girls under 18 years of age. They are particularly vulnerable, especially to crises that have forced them to settle for years, the UNHCR said.

Nearly 1 million babies were born to runaway parents last year, many of whom will have to grow up while running.

– This tragedy of so many children being born as refugees should be a good factor to do more to prevent and end violence and conflict, Grandi says.

160 countries closed their borders at the height of the corona epidemic last year, of which 99 were for asylum seekers and they fled any hopeless situation. The men are in a refugee camp in Vatti, on the Greek island of Samos. Photo: AP / NTB

Closed boundaries

The corona epidemic has made the world’s refugees even worse, with 160 countries closing their borders last year when the epidemic was the worst.

By the end of 2020, the UNHCR had registered 4.1 million asylum seekers, but 99 countries were no exception last year, despite the fact that they had fled any hopeless situation.

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Procedures have changed from many countries, introducing border testing, vaccination certificates and temporary isolation.

The number of refugees in the world has been steadily increasing over the past nine years, and the number of refugees who have had the opportunity to return home has plummeted in the past year. The woman and her children live in a karate refugee camp on the Greek island of Lesvos. Photo: AP / NTB

Some returned home

Statistics on how many refugees and internally displaced persons will be able to return home by 2020 are also encouraging to read.

It is safe to say that only 251,000 refugees will return, 21 percent less than the previous year. The UNHCR report shows that 3.2 million internally displaced people have the opportunity to return home, but that is 40 percent less than the previous year.

33,800 people were granted citizenship in the countries where they sought asylum, while 34,400 were transferred to another country than those who applied for asylum. This is the lowest number in 20 years, for which the epidemic is often blamed.

“World leaders and those in power must bring about inequality, put an end to selfishness in politics, and focus on avoiding conflict, resolving conflicts and ensuring that human rights are respected,” says Grandi.